The high energy price avalanches into the glass, with price increases ranging from +11% for mineral water to +10.5% for fruit juices, up to +7% for pressurized carbonated drinks for high costs of extraction of carbon dioxide for food use. Thus the Coldiretti analysis on the latest Istat data relating to inflation, which underline how the strong increases in production costs are also recorded for the most common alcoholic beverages, from beer to wine. What weighs are the production costs in fields and vineyards, ranging from +170% for fertilizers to +129% for diesel, passing through +300% of bills for pumping water to irrigate crops, but the high energy cost and lack of raw materials are felt for a long time the entire supply chain, together with the increase in costs for packaging, pallets, plastic, glass, metal containers, labels and caps.
Indirect costs which – Coldiretti highlights – range from glass, which was more than 30% more expensive than last year, to tetrapack, with an increase of 15%, from +35% for labels to +45% for cardboard, from + 10% costs for cans up to +70% for plastic. A situation that is destined to explode in the autumn, with a foreseeable leap in the sales price lists which concerns the entire agri-food chain, which from farm to table is worth 575 billion eurosalmost a quarter of the national GDP, and involves 4 million workers in 740,000 farms, 70,000 food industries, over 330,000 catering companies and 230,000 retail outlets, according to the Coldiretti analysis.
It is the high energy price that drives up production prices, which avalanches on production costs also in the agri-food sector, which absorbs over 11% of total industrial energy consumption, for about 13.3 million tons of oil equivalent ( Mtoe) per year. The food sector requires large quantities of energy, especially heat and electricity, for the production, transformation and conservation processes of products of animal and vegetable origin, the operation of machines and the air conditioning of production and work environments (8.6 Mtoe ). It is a heavy energy bill – concludes Coldiretti – despite the fact that over time there has been a containment of energy consumption thanks to new techniques and the commitment of farmers for greater sustainability of production also with the adoption of 4.0 technologies to optimize use of factors of production.
“There is no time to lose and we cannot wait for the elections and the new government but we need to intervene immediately on the energy price increases that put businesses and families at risk in vital sectors for the country”, comments the president of Coldiretti Ettore Prandini, underlining that “with the autumn price increases, together with the production system, more than 2.6 million people in Italy are at risk of food, who are forced to ask for help to eat and represent the tip of the iceberg of the difficulties in which a growing number of families due to shopping cart-driven inflation for energy and food costs”.